|Print | Back||November 1, 2013|
Creative LivingThanksgiving and Amazing History
by Dian Thomas
There have been festivals associated with the harvest every since man began to till the soil. The Chinese celebrated such a feast thousands of years ago, and in our hemisphere, Native Americans and colonists celebrated the harvest years before the Pilgrims arrived.
Nevertheless, Thanksgiving Day, as we now know it, traces its roots directly back to 1621 and the Pilgrims of Plymouth, Massachusetts. Persecuted in England for their religious beliefs, they sailed to the Netherlands in hopes of finding a better life.
Instead they found a language barrier, cultural differences, and economic hardships. Once again they uprooted their families, but this time it was for the promised freedom and prosperity of the New World.
The Speedwell sailed from the Netherlands in July, 1620, and met up with the Mayflower and more emigrants in Southampton, England. By the time they made it to Plymouth, England, the Speedwell had deteriorated so badly that it had to be left behind.
Of the 102 passengers that sailed on the Mayflower that September, 41 were Puritans, who referred to themselves as “Saints” — 17 men, 10 women and 14 children. Eighteen were indentured servants, and the rest, called “strangers” by the Puritans, were seeking economic o[opportunity, not religious freedom.
On November 10, land was sighted off Cape Cod. The Pilgrims chose a site on the mainland for colonization, and on December 11, first set foot in the deserted Indian town of Patuxet (which would become Plymouth).
Three years of plague had exterminated the Indian population. During a bleak winter filled with sickness and hardships, 47 members of the tiny immigrant community were buried in unmarked graves to prevent hostile Indians from knowing the number of dead.
The survivors’ first harvest was a joyous occasion. A three-day festival of Thanksgiving replaced both Christmas and New Year’s for these Puritan settlers. Their difficult living conditions left them little time or resources, and their religious beliefs also discouraged merrymaking, especially on traditional feast days which the established church had observed.
Since God had allowed them to survive the winter, Thanksgiving seemed to them to be a more fitting celebration.
In 1789, George Washington proclaimed the first national day of Thanksgiving. Abraham Lincoln declared in 1863 that Thanksgiving Day be held annually on the last Thursday of November.
The American traditions of Thanksgiving are steeped in symbols of our first settlers. And don’t forget your own family traditions, whether it’s Aunt Nellie’s candied yams or Grandmother’s china gravy boat. It just wouldn’t be Thanksgiving without them.
Look for ideas that keep giving and giving. Check out the specials that Dian has on her website. These ideas will give you more creative projects to do with you kids and grandkids. You will create the traditions and fun that will last forever. Why not give gifts that keep giving and giving. To see the holiday specials go to www.DianThomas.com and check out the items in the store that are up to 60% off.
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